Not everybody can make it to the top-notch institutions, hence we have numerous other universities that save students' time. Some institutions are offering undergraduate/postgraduate degrees in various subjects, which are not established under either Central, State or UGC Act and hence, these institutions are fake and do not have any right to confer/grant degrees.
Aspiring students are advised not to pursue higher education courses with such self-styled universities. Presently, there are 23 fake universities on the records of the commission which are functioning in contravention of the provisions of the UGC Act, 1956.
The act, under section 22(1) states that a degree can be awarded only by a university established under a central, State/Provincial Act or an institution deemed to be a university under section 3 of the UGC act or an institution empowered by an act of parliament to confer the degree.
Among the fake universities, most are located in Delhi (7) and Uttar Pradesh (8).
UGC fake universities list: Complete state-wise list
1. Commercial University Ltd, Daryaganj, Delhi
2. United Nations University, Delhi
3. Vocational University, Delhi
4. ADR-Centric Juridical University, ADR House, 8J, Gopala Tower, 25 Rajendra Place, New Delhi-110008
5. Indian Institution of Science and Engineering, New Delhi
6. Viswakarma Open University for Self-employment, India Rozgar Sewasadan, 672, Sanjay Enclave, Opp. GTK DEPOT, New Delhi-110033
7. Adhyatmik Vishwavidyalaya (Sprirtual University), 351-352, Phase-1, Block-A, Vijay Vihar, Rithala, Rohini, Delhi-110085.
8. Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society, Gokak, Belgaum, Karnataka
9. St. John's University, Kishanattam, Kerala
10. Varanaseya Sanskrit Vishwavidyalaya, Varanasi (UP)/Jagatpuri, Delhi
11. Mahila Gram Vidyapith/Vishwavidyalaya, (Women's) University, Prayagraj, UP
12. Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh
13. National University of Electro Complex Homeopathy, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
14. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose University (Open University), Achaltal, Aligarh, UP
15. Uttar Pradesh Vishwavidyalaya, Koshi Kalan, Mathura, UP
16. Maharana Partap Shiksha Niketan Vishwavidyalaya, Pratapgarh, UP
17. Indraprastha Shiksha Parishad, Institutional Area, Kohoda, Makanpur, Noida Phase-II, UP
18. Raja Arabic University, Nagpur
19. Indian Institute of Alternative Medicine, 80, Chowringhee Road, Kolkata
20. Institute of Alternative Medicine and Research, 8-A, Diamond Harbor Road Builtech inn 2nd Floor, Kurpukur, Kolkata-700063
21. Nababharat Shiksha Parishad, Anupooma Bhawan, Plot No. 242, Pani Tanki Road, Shaktinagar, Rourkela-769014
22. North Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, University Road Baripada, Distt. Mayurbhanj, Odisha
23. Sree Bodhi Academy of Higher Education, No. 186, Thilaspet, Vazhuthavoor Road, Puducherry-605009
*Bhartiya Shiksha Parishad, Lucknow, UP - the matter is subjudice before the District Judge - Lucknow
Other universities that have been identified as fake include one each from Pondicherry, Aligarh, Bihar, Rourkela, Odisha, Kanpur, Pratapgarh, Mathura, Kanpur, Nagpur, Kerala, Karnataka, Bihar and two universities in Allahabad.
The penalty imposed on universities
As per the UGC Act, the commission is only empowered to levy a penalty of mere Rs 1,000 against these fake institutions.